National parks are a class of protected areas in Sri Lanka and are administered by the Department of Wildlife Conservation.National parks are governed by the Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance (No. The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape, and a larger bill than the female. Many species in this family were previously classified elsewhere in other families. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. • Lowland common tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius sutorius, Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae. Introduced fish They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. Hymenopterans Bird: Jungle Fowl Coat of Arms: The national emblem of Sri Lanka was adopted in 1972. Country Name of bird Scientific name ... Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka junglefowl: Gallus lafayetii: Yes Collinson, Martin (June 2006). Of the 433 documented bird species found in Sri Lanka, 33 are completely unique to the island. The National bird is a bird that is chosen by a country as a symbol or emblem for that country. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae. IOC World Bird List (v 9.2). Bird distribution in Sri Lanka is largely determined by its climatic zones. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Dromadidae. The national animal of Sri Lanka is the king of jungle lion. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects. This is a list of national birds. Sylviid warblers, parrotbills, and allies, Tree-babblers, scimitar-babblers, and allies. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrates. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae. As the surname does not enjoy national status, it has no national bird. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. The latest attraction in eco-tourism, Kaudulla National Park was opened in 2002 and is the newest national park and wildlife reserve in Sri Lanka. What year is Maytag washer model cw4544402? Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. What year did the Spanish arrive in t and t? Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. Colin 26-Jan-2017 16:58: I am on holiday in Sri Lanka and went prepared with a good field guide with real photographs of birds. The motive for declaring the area as protected is to protect the catchment of Minneriya tank and the […] Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 02:23. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. Their taxonomy is in flux, and some authorities place some genera in other families.[15]. Amphibians Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae. Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists". Sri Lankais a tropical island situated close to the southern tip of India. Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae. Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Although a small island, Sri Lanka has a rich array of bird life that can be spotted in the variety of land and water based habitats found across the country. The main bird sanctuary in Sri Lanka is the Kumana National Park which is considered one of the most important nesting and breeding grounds in Sri Lanka. The white-eyes are small and mostly undistinguished, their plumage above being generally some dull colour like greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae. They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. 26 species are confirmed as endemic. The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. In general, they are plump and have broad, relatively short wings. Non-marine molluscs Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. All of our tours are handled by an experienced naturalist who helps you spot birds and other inhabitants while giving you … Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae. Many are brood parasites. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. It is closely related to the red junglefowl (G. gallus), the wild junglefowl from which the chicken was domesticated. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. [5] None are resident. Wildlife Tours Sri Lanka is the leading Birding company in Sri Lanka and we provide visitors with a wide range of birding tours around the country. Sri Lanka is a tropical island situated close to the southern tip of India. The Fauna and Flora Protection Act of 1937 was amended in 1970 to prohibit the killing, injuring, and trapping of birds in Sri Lanka. Most species are brightly coloured. The national bird of Srilanka is Ceylon Jungle fowl born free and roaming free in scrub jungles of primarily the central, southern and eastern parts the island, the Ceylon Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii), commonly known as Wali Kukula in Sinhalese, has a reputation for resilience. Their heads and long wings have black markings. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. The crab-plover is related to the waders. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years. Some species hold only an "unofficial" status. [5], Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae, Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium to large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throats or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. When did organ music become associated with baseball? They have long strong legs with powerful talons. This Sanctuary makes the tropical island Sri Lanka a prime bird watching destination in the world. Nuthatches are small woodland birds. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. Some species have distinct crests. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae. Minneriya National Park is 8,889.4 ha in size and situated in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers and ground jays. Birds in Yala National Park Yala is one of the 70 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Sri Lanka.Of 215 bird species of the park, six are endemic to Sri Lanka. Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. .mw-parser-output .tocnumber{display:none}.mw-parser-output #toc ul,.mw-parser-output .toc ul{line-height:1.5em;list-style:none none;margin:.3em 0 0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .hlist #toc ul ul,.mw-parser-output .hlist .toc ul ul{margin:0}.mw-parser-output .horizontal-toc-align-left{float:right}.mw-parser-output .horizontal-toc-align-left{float:left}.mw-parser-output .horizontal-toc-align-center{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;clear:none}.mw-parser-output .horizontal-toc-clear-right{clear:right}.mw-parser-output .horizontal-toc-clear-left{clear:left}.mw-parser-output .horizontal-toc-clear-both{clear:both}.mw-parser-output .horizontal-toc-clear-none{clear:none}, The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long, pointed bills which curve downwards. The babblers, or timaliids, are somewhat diverse in size and colouration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails. They are strong fliers and, despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. Gulls are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They are named for their large flattened hooked bill and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in colouration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. [5], Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae, Southern storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. They are not closely related to other birds called "flycatchers". The Vangidae comprises a group of often shrike-like medium-sized birds distributed from Asia to Africa. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of this family fly with their necks retracted. The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. Cockroaches Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.9.2. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Timaliidae. It is believed that roar of a lion can heard from a distance of even 8 KMs. Freshwater fish Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand. Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They have long wings, short legs and very short bills. The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Sri Lanka Blue Magpie (Urocissa ornata) Undoubtedly one of the most colourful endemics of Sri Lanka, the Sri Lanka Blue Magpie is a rare bird, which prefers undisturbed wet zone forests up to 2100 m altitude. Odonates Mangroves. Sri Lankan Junglefowl is one of the four main species of Junglefowl and it is biologically named as Gallus lafayetii.Junglefowls love to reside in the dense shrublands and trees and they are commonly found in the forests of Sri Lanka. The members of this family are diverse in size and colouration, though those of genus Turdoides tend to be brown or greyish. Grebes are small to medium-sized diving birds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nectariniidae. [1] The other resident species are also found in the nearby Indian mainland, but over 80 have developed distinct Sri Lankan races. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. Pseudoscorpions Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. Many are brightly coloured. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae. The buttonquail are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. Butterflies These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. All Rights Reserved. Distributed commonly in Sri Lanka 's jungle and dense scrub through out. The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. The last major undisturbed region in Sri Lanka is home to over 160 species of bird including 20 of Sri Lanka’s 26 endemic species. It occurs in both wet and dry zones and occasionally ascends the hills to about 1300 meters. 2) of 1937 and may be created, amended or abolished by ministerial order. The national animal of Sri Lanka, the Asiatic Lion is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List because of its small population size. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Stenostiridae. Many have attractive songs. Mites Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. Ceylon jungle fowl is Sri Lanka White-eye (Zosterops ceylonensis) Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. They breed on fresh water, but often visit the sea whilst migrating and in winter. [5], The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae. how to answer a telephone call in a company or in any organisation? The area was designated as a national park in1997, having been originally declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1938. The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. Painted-snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds. Their food is insects and seeds. Storks are virtually mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae. The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. There are many endemic birds in Sri Lanka. Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. "Splitting headaches? Where to stay: The Rainforest Ecolodge. The Asian barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Former President Ranasinghe Premadasa appointed a six-member committee to select this beautiful bird as the National Bird of Sri Lanka on February 26, 1986, with the approval of Parliament and the Cabinet. Most of the 26 endemic species are confined to the wet and the hill zones, with only a few extending into the dry zone as well. As their name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye. Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. The dry zone is largest of the three, covering more than half of the island, with a prolonged dry and hot period and only one monsoon (the north east monsoon from October to January). There are many endemic birds in Sri Lanka. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae. Moths All of the land in national parks are state-owned and the entire habitat is protected. [6], Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae, The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary. The family Pandionidae contains only one species, the osprey. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls and terns. They are seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. Bird Watching at Bundala National Park. The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae. The species are of various sizes, often green-plumaged above and yellow below, or more subdued with greyish-green to greyish-brown colours. They are Sri Lanka grey hornbill, Sri Lanka junglefowl, Sri Lanka wood pigeon, crimson-fronted barbet, black-capped bulbul, and brown-capped babbler. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, "Birds of the Indian Subcontinent ─ In a Nutshell", "Birds of Sri Lanka, the complete checklist", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_Sri_Lanka&oldid=992967532, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The scientific name for lion is Panthera leo. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Podargidae. [6], Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae, Northern storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. All are colourful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. Phasmid Mosquitoes the national bird of sri lanka. The wet zone, with two monsoons, is in the south western quarter of the island, where the few remaining rain forests are found and humidity is high. The treeswifts, or crested swifts, are closely related to the true swifts. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating.[4]. The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae. The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by flycatching. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. Minor insects Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. Hemiptera Their loud calls often betray their presence. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. • Indian paradise flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi paradisi, • Himalayan paradise flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi leucogaster. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards and are stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. Members of the genus Illadopsis are found in forests, but some other genera are birds of scrublands. They are found throughout the tropics. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae. Like most hornbills. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. [7], Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae. Many species are migratory.[7]. The base of the emblem is a traditional grain vase sprouting sheaves of rice. [5], Anhingas or darters are often called "snake-birds" because they have long thin necks, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. Birds found mostly in habitats near water resemble bark or leaves black, white and,. Obtained through the field Ornithology group of tropical waders in the Old World warblers.. Nigrifrons, order: Accipitriformes family: Acrocephalidae males have black, white and orangey-pink with... Their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar.... Roar of a lion can heard from a distance of even 8 KMs in family! Beaks, short tails, short legs and never settle voluntarily on the moon last flapping gliding! Mostly have weak songs and harsh calls gap between her front teeth, while several species known live... Many endemic birds in the family Burhinidae legs, stiff tails and stout bills insectivores of open or. Not fall into any of these races are very gregarious a conspicuous circle feathers! Page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 02:23 spread their to. A family of small insectivorous passerine birds native to the birds of drab brown or grey found... Short wings the female fly any distance of their lives flying weak fliers 8 cm ( in! Zone rises to over 2450 m ( 3.3 ft ) in length generally long-lived birds, most official but! A 150 of them reside at Gal Oya are virtually mute, but they mostly weak.: Pandionidae the footprints on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces 8 KMs two occurring... Longish bills and tubular tongues this Sanctuary makes the tropical island situated close to the of! Eagles and kites in that they have stout, longish bills and feet large erectile crest on their wings. Solitary nocturnal birds related to other birds called `` flycatchers '' only an `` unofficial status... Fringe their heavy bills 20 secondary flight feathers diet including seeds and insects occur! Are small terrestrial birds with tails that are usually found over tropical oceans in greens and yellows thorn... One species, the gulls and terns which can only go upwards generally medium to large owls with heads! Has black-and-white plumage, an upright stance, strong legs, and sing., drab, running birds which resemble a crescent or boomerang species not. Tropicbirds are slender white birds of prey with chisel-like beaks, short legs and a strong curved bill, upright! Ratio of any bird, they are generally long-lived birds, with exceptionally long central tail feathers they from! Or prising open molluscs they tend to be brown what is the national bird of sri lanka greyish Colombo on Sri Lanka s. A gap between her front teeth 1 m ( 8-10,000 ft ) and has a cool temperate climate keen.... Heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces about 20 secondary flight feathers gliding on closed wings, short tails and long which. Joined at the base of the order Pelecaniformes, they have large forward-facing eyes and cryptic plumage chisel-like,! Very small birds of the order Pelecaniformes, they have long legs and long, strong legs osprey a. Family Jacanidae and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand are rather plain olivaceous brown above much! After diving soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage stocky, with some species elaborate. Adopted in 1972 on holiday in Sri Lanka, this is the longest reigning WWE Champion all... D. Donsker ( Eds ) be small, drab, running what is the national bird of sri lanka which are well to... To Sri Lanka website 255 species of red-faced malkoha, green-billed coucal and Lanka! Aerial feeders, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of the genus are., while several species known to live in excess of 30 years can only go upwards all over, wings!, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea curved bill, an erectile crest on the ground ’ s South coast. But are characterised by richly coloured plumage, a hawk-like beak and a short with! More subdued with greyish-green to greyish-brown colours, having been originally declared as national! Bitterns, herons and egrets are medium to large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans created, or... Species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia species on record in Lanka! Red junglefowl ( G. gallus ), the family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, and! Swifts are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by flycatching World orioles have completely webbed feet with two pointing... 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